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Lesson 9 Overloading binary operators
Objective Write member functions to overload binary operators
We continue with our clock example and show how to overload binary operators. Basically, the same principles hold.
When a binary operator is overloaded using a member function, it has
  1. the implicitly passed object as its first argument
  2. the lone argument list parameter as its second argument
Symmetrical Binary Operators
When a binary operator is overloaded using a friend or nonmember function, both arguments are specified in the parameter list.
Remember, though, that nonmember functions that are not friend functions cannot access private members of a class.
Create an operation for clock that will add two values together.
class clock {
 friend clock  operator+(clock c1, clock c2);

clock operator+(clock c1, clock c2){
 return (c1.tot_secs + c2.tot_secs);
The integer expression is implicitly converted to a clock by the conversion constructor clock::clock(unsigned long). Both clock values are passed as function arguments, and both are candidates for assignment conversions. Because operator+() is a symmetrical binary operator, the arguments should be treated identically.
Thus, it is normal for symmetrical binary operators to be overloaded by friend functions.
Overloading Binary Operators - Exercise
Click the Exercise link below to try your hand at overloading several arithmetic binary operators in a class that implements a set.
Overloading Binary Operators - Exercise