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Ad Hoc Polymorphism  «Prev 
ADT conversions

Conversion example

Consider the following class, whose purpose is to print nonvisible characters with their ASCII designation; for example, the code 07 (octal) is alarm or bel.
//ASCII printable characters
class pr_char {
public:
 pr_char(int i = 0) : c(i % 128) {}
  void  print() const { cout << rep[c]; }
 private:
  int c;
	static char*  rep[128];
};

char*  pr_char::rep[128] = { "nul", "soh", "stx", "w", "x", "y", "z",""{", "|", "}", "~", "del" };
int main(){
 int      i;
 pr_char  c;
  
 for (i = 0; i < 128; ++i) {
 c = i;  //or: c = static_cast<pr_char>(i);
 c.print();
 cout << endl;
 }
}
The constructor creates an automatic conversion from integers to pr_char. Notice, the c = i; statement in the loop implies this conversion. It is also possible to explicitly use a cast.
Unneeded conversions produced by conversion constructors are a source of obscure runtime bugs. Avoid this problem by using the keyword explicit to preface a single-argument constructor. This disables automatic conversion.